ALPHANOMICS: The Informational Underpinnings of Market Efficiency is intended to be a compact introduction to academic research on market efficiency, behavioral finance, and fundamental analysis and is dedicated to the kind of decision-driven and prospectively-focused research that is much needed in a market constantly seeking to become more efficient. The authors refer to this type of research as Alphanomics, the informational economics behind market efficiency. Alpha refers to the abnormal returns, which provide the incentive for some subpopulation of investors to engage in information acquisition and costly arbitrage activities. Nomics refers to the economics of alpha extraction, which encompasses the costs and incentives of informational arbitrage as a sustainable business proposition. Some of the questions that are addressed include: • Why do we believe markets are efficient? • What problems have this belief engendered? • What factors can impede and/or facilitate market efficiency? • What roles do investor sentiment and costly arbitrage play in determining an equilibrium level of informational efficiency? • What is the essence of value investing? • How is it related to fundamental analysis (the study of historical financial data)? • How might we distinguish between risk and mispricing based explanations for predictability patterns in returns? The first two sections review the evolution of academic thinking on market efficiency and introduce the noise trader model as a rational alternative. Section 3 surveys the literature on investor sentiment and its role as a source of both risks and returns. Section 4 discusses the role of fundamental analysis in value investing. Section 5 reviews the literature on limits to arbitrage, and section 6 discusses research methodology issues associated with the need to distinguish mispricing from risk.
李勉群（Charles M.C. Lee），斯坦福大学商学院Moghadam Family管理学讲席教授与会计学教授，长期致力于基本面量化和投资者行为的教学、研究与实践；在会计学、金融学和经济学领域的顶级学术期刊上发表了大量关于量化投资、行为金融和权益估值方面的论文，为相关学科领域做出了巨大贡献。
苏子英（Eric C.So），麻省理工学院斯隆管理学院经济学、金融学和会计学Sarofim Family Career Development副教授。研究兴趣主要包括权益估值、资产定价、套利限制和市场微观结构等，重点关注影响市场价格信息含量的因素和机制。