Behave

Behave

Robert M. Sapolsky

出版社

Penguin Press

出版时间

2017-05-02

ISBN

9781594205071

评分

★★★★★
内容简介

Why do we do the things we do?

More than a decade in the making, this game-changing book is Robert Sapolsky’s genre-shattering attempt to answer that question as fully as perhaps only he could, looking at it from every angle. Sapolsky’s storytelling concept is delightful but it also has a powerful intrinsic logic: he starts by looking at the factors that bear on a person’s reaction in the precise moment a behavior occurs, and then hops back in time from there, in stages, ultimately ending up at the deep history of our species and its evolutionary legacy.

And so the first category of explanation is the neurobiological one. A behavior occurs–whether an example of humans at our best, worst, or somewhere in between. What went on in a person’s brain a second before the behavior happened? Then Sapolsky pulls out to a slightly larger field of vision, a little earlier in time: What sight, sound, or smell caused the nervous system to produce that behavior? And then, what hormones acted hours to days earlier to change how responsive that individual is to the stimuli that triggered the nervous system? By now he has increased our field of vision so that we are thinking about neurobiology and the sensory world of our environment and endocrinology in trying to explain what happened.

Sapolsky keeps going: How was that behavior influenced by structural changes in the nervous system over the preceding months, by that person’s adolescence, childhood, fetal life, and then back to his or her genetic makeup? Finally, he expands the view to encompass factors larger than one individual. How did culture shape that individual’s group, what ecological factors millennia old formed that culture? And on and on, back to evolutionary factors millions of years old.

The result is one of the most dazzling tours d’horizon of the science of human behavior ever attempted, a majestic synthesis that harvests cutting-edge research across a range of disciplines to provide a subtle and nuanced perspective on why we ultimately do the things we do…for good and for ill. Sapolsky builds on this understanding to wrestle with some of our deepest and thorniest questions relating to tribalism and xenophobia, hierarchy and competition, morality and free will, and war and peace. Wise, humane, often very funny, Behave is a towering achievement, powerfully humanizing, and downright heroic in its own right.

Robert M. Sapolsky is the author of several works of nonfiction, including A Primate’s Memoir, The Trouble with Testosterone, and Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers. He is a professor of biology and neurology at Stanford University and the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation genius grant. He lives in San Francisco.

用户评论
生命科学几乎所有的发现都在提醒我们,生命和智慧其实都只是演化的旁观者和产品。我们身上的优势和弱点没有多少是我们能够决定的。所以面对生物学规律,我们必须保持谦卑。
MacArthur Fellows Program 得主,闪闪发光的智慧。第二次遇到这本书,再次mark
虽然读起来并不轻松(超大部头),但是还是由衷为作者的努力感到敬佩,从各个层面解析了人类的行为来源(神经生物学、激素、记忆、发育、环境,等等等等),组织的角度也很新奇——立马展现的,需要时间的,母胎带来的,进化产生的。可以收着慢慢看!
信息量大,没有水分,非常值得看
顳葉降不住杏仁核…
就像末尾作者自己总结的,全书的最终感想就是:“It’s complicated.” 看了好久才看完,囫囵吞枣。不过有些地方还是多少理解了一下,很多behave的不同主要取决于context,context,context。
相当扎实
比「斑馬」更好讀,覆蓋面也更廣,即使是心理學背景也學到了好多之前沒聽過的實驗。印象最深的是「伊拉克戰爭裡的drone soldier」和「1914年聖誕停火之後」。
5星科普。有趣。能整合各个学科对行为特别是暴力的解释。
本书未能达到作者在引言的承诺:演化心理学与社会科学缺一不可,社会科学还是不够,但仍是100分。
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