The Striking Cabbies of Cairo and Other Stories

The Striking Cabbies of Cairo and Other Stories

John T Chalcraft

出版时间

2004-08-01

文件格式

PDF

文件大小

2.31MB

评分

★★★★★
内容简介

This book charts new directions in Egyptian social history, providing the first systematic account of adaptation and protest among crafts and service workers in Egypt in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Using a wealth of new sources, John T. Chalcraft challenges conventional notions of craft stagnation and decline by recovering the largely unknown histories of crafts workers' restructuring in the face of world economic integration, and their petitions, demonstrations, and strike-action at a time of state-building and colonial rule. Chalcraft demonstrates the economic importance of petty producers and service providers, and tells the story of widespread collective assertion couched in new discourses of citizenship and nationalism. He also gives a new interpretation of the end of the guilds in Egypt and addresses larger debates about unevenness under capitalism.

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对19世纪中期到20世纪初埃及手工业服务业工人和行会的研究,作者指出面对激烈竞争,埃及的手工业和服务业探索新的生存方式,其中重要的一点是寻求降低成本。与此同时,从业者的申诉推动了国家进行集中化改革。在这一历史进程中,行会在殖民时期逐步瓦解。到20世纪初,从业者有了新的组织动员机制,并在1906丁沙威事件后开始和民族主义中产阶级联系起来。总的来说是很不错的书,作者对埃及的多个行业进行了详细的社会史研究,读这本书就像观看19世纪末20世纪初的埃及社会画卷。不过我对本书的最后一部分,也就是讲述1907人力车夫事件后劳工与民族主义中产联系的那一部分并不满意,我认为作者应当扩展这一部分,甚至专门再写一本书,具体讲述1907后劳工的组织和诉求,以及民族主义者的活动。不过总的来说,这是一本不错的书。
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