A Translucent Mirror

A Translucent Mirror

Pamela Kyle Crossley

出版时间

2002-04-15

文件格式

PDF

文件大小

4.45MB

评分

★★★★★
内容简介

In this landmark exploration of the origins of nationalism and cultural identity in China, Pamela Kyle Crossley traces the ways in which a large, early modern empire of Eurasia, the Qing (1636-1912), incorporated neighboring, but disparate, political traditions into a new style of emperorship. Drawing on a wide variety of primary sources, including Manchu, Korean, and Chinese archival materials, Crossley argues that distortions introduced in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century historical records have blinded scholars to the actual course of events in the early years of the dynasty. This groundbreaking study examines the relationship between the increasingly abstract ideology of the centralizing emperorship of the Qing and the establishment of concepts of identity in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, before the advent of nationalism in China. Concluding with a broad-ranging postscript on the implications of her research for studies of nationalism and nation-building throughout modern Chinese history, A Translucent Mirror combines a readable narrative with a sophisticated, revisionary look at China's history. Crossley's book will alter current understandings of the Qing emperorship, the evolution of concepts of ethnicity, and the legacy of Qing rule for modern Chinese nationalism.

Pamela Kyle Crossley is Rosenwald Research Professor of History, Dartmouth College; author of Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World (1990) and The Manchus (1997); and coauthor (with Richard Bulliet and Dan Headrick) of The Earth and Its Peoples (1997).

用户评论
柯氏说过对新清史颇有保留。以此书观之,柯氏与新清史歧异有三:首先新清史念兹在兹的满族性和认同,柯氏不认为是入关前隐然确立、入关后旗满一体化,而是在满清延展疆域中通过族系、神话和历史重估逐渐构建;其次,也相应满族认同流动性,柯氏认为清朝多民族多文化帝国意象,以至包括内地汉人“中国”认同,也都是在满清重构十七十八世纪历史话语中成立(而延展到近代发展为梁启超章炳麟之民族主义论争)。最后也是最重要,柯氏完全把清史归入早期现代帝国史及帝国民族与民族主义发明史行列,问题意识源于安德森等人之民族认同学而非传统史学:民族与族群认同系于帝国性和普世性,帝国普世性又进一步系于被神化的帝王世系与传奇(从需要部落推举之大汉到自我合法化之帝王)及超然于各民族文化之上的寰宇观(帝王自我包装多面观及自认为天下历史动力)。
The Qing ideas about the ruler and ideas about the ruled changed each other over the course of history. The identities of Manchu, Chinese, and Mongols are not monolithic and static fundamentals of the Qing order. Still unsure whether Crossley is suggesting identity was primarily embedded in ideology and whether that position differs from Elliot's.
No comment. A transparent mirror wanted....
看到Liaodongnese就默认是本很有见地的书了。postscript对梁启超和章炳麟的分析堪称功夫到位,顺理成章。看到乾隆帝的universal imperialism 穿越成Mao的 universal communism, 默默地笑出了声。
"sinicization" remains interesting and important; asa theorem in contemporary discourse, it represents only a tangle of undemonstrable but sentimentally charged explanations for cultural change in East Asia. 哈哈
这代表了那种“不乏灼见但是真看不下去再也不想看”的书;这书就是讨论 1)universal emperorship(Crossley认为欧亚帝国的共性)的意识形态 2)清朝创造并且固化满蒙汉藏甚至更多identities的历史过程。如果但是看了半天也不知道这二者有何关系。
繁體中文版預計於2023年由八旗文化發行。
大致讲了努尔哈赤、皇太极、弘历三代,「如何建构一个跨族群的大清」。其本质上,是与贴在新清史上主要的那几个标签是不合的,反倒像是更传统的「共同体建构」理论(掰开了来说,放到今天,可能觉得老生常谈的多一些了)。以及,本书还蛮适合当中文界的初学者了解现代西方学者如何解读中国古代史的入门之作,理论性足够,讲的故事又没有那么陌生。
当年就很噩梦
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